Why You Need to Know and Understand these Common Diseases by Age

Common diseases affect all ages, some are even more prevalent during specific life stages. It is crucial to be aware of these issues to prevent, diagnose, and treat them effectively. These diseases can be critical or acute and in most cases, if diagnosed in their earlier stages may be cured. Hence, it is essential to be aware of the body’s health and overall well-being to take the necessary precautions to safeguard their health. Here are the most common diseases by age:

common diseases by age

Common Diseases by Age Periods

Diseases during the 20s

Reproductive Organs Diseases

During your 20s, the body normally and relatively enjoys good health in full energy and with optimal organ functions. However, depending on the genetic aspects and certain conditions, common diseases can still emerge. Since people at this age are sexually active, they are typically vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. Men can be diagnosed with testicular cancers, while women can be diagnosed with pelvic and cervical cancer. These may result from a bad diet or insufficient exercise.

How to Test: Exams, screenings, and regular tests can be done, and seeking medical support from professionals may induce cure and prevention from heightened and severe cases of these diseases.

Mental Health Issues

One of the most prevalent health issues among men and women in their 20s is mental health concerns. Anxiety, depression, insomnia, and eating disorders are frequently the result of stress, bereavement, heartbreak, and emotional breakdowns.

How to Test: Regular check-ups with psychologists and counselors are recommended at this stage in life to ensure holistic well-being and personality and behavioral management.

Diseases during the 30s

Body Function Health in Men

Most diseases and health risks increase during the 30s and many organs start functioning differently during this stage. For men, Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases can already be detected during this stage. The body continuously changes as you age and these diseases may be inevitable. 30s.

How to Test: Regular blood pressure and cholesterol screenings should be implemented along with lifestyle modifications like proper exercise and proper diet specifically avoiding fatty acids and food.

Reproductive Health Issues in Women

Women during their 30s usually face fertility issues, pregnancy complications, and breast cancers. Regular mammograms and self-examinations are crucial for breast cancer detection while consulting gynecologists and screenings help identify fertility and pregnancy conditions.

Diseases during the 40s

Metabolic Issues

During the 40s, the digestive system may function less or may have problems. These may cause an increase in high cholesterol that will lead to obesity or certain cancers such as pancreatic or intestinal cancers. These are more prevalent in women caused by excessive intakes of sweets, sugar, and probable menopause or pre-menopause response.

How to Test: Endoscopic Ultrasound, MRI, and CT scan help track the body’s digestive system function. Along with these test results are medical support and consultation to guide you to live healthier and achieve the healthy kind of lifestyle that is appropriate for this age. For women, hormonal therapy can optimally help to recover from imbalanced hormone conditions due to pre-menopause or menopause periods.

Diseases during the 50s

Health Issues in Men

Once individuals reach their 50s, chronic diseases start to emerge and result in the weakness of the body to move and function daily. Men should prioritize getting screened for colorectal cancer. cardiovascular health and prostate health are also at their peak of being exposed to complete deterioration at this stage.

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Preventive Measures: The best way to prevent the symptoms from appearing includes healthy and proper exercise, heart-healthy diets, regular blood pressure and cholesterol check-ups, and colorectal cancer screenings.

Health Issues in Women

For women, colon cancer is mostly common also due to hormonal changes that affected their digestive system. Osteoporosis is one of the very common diseases by age in women during this stage of their lives. Bone health due to density deterioration happens and must not be neglected. Overall, for both men and women, the last stage of diabetes usually occurs in the 50s age period.

Preventive Measures: Regular calcium and vitamin D supplements intake and cholesterol control along with exercise and a healthy diet are recommended. Avoid fats, processed food products, excess carbohydrates, and sugar during this age.

Diseases during the 60s

Mental-Neural Health Issues

As individuals embark on their 60s, the mentioned diseases during their 20s, 30s, 40s, and 50s can first appear in this stage. Hence, dementia and schizophrenia are mostly common during the 60s. Individuals during this age should take more crucial prevention, check-ups, and controls

Organ-related Issues

Sudden deterioration and problems in the respiratory system are the usual common diseases by the age of 60 including pneumonia, tuberculosis, and bronchitis. These diseases are sometimes delayed responses to the lifestyles during their youth years which can include chain smoking or second-hand smoking, excessive drinking, poor sleeping habits, exposure to pollution, etc.


To maintain good health, individuals should be informed about prevalent disorders and seek necessary care through regular screenings, preventive measures, self-examinations, and consultations with healthcare providers. By being proactive and taking control of their health, individuals can enjoy healthier, more rewarding lives.